Review of Jup Banee Part 5 (You Tube videos)

Review of Jup Banee by Dr KSD – Part 5

  • Meaning of Mool and Mantar in Gurbani.
  • SGGS 281

ਜਬ ਦੇਖਉ ਤਬ ਸਭੁ ਕਿਛੁ ਮੂਲੁ ॥ ਨਾਨਕ ਸੋ ਸੂਖਮੁ ਸੋਈ ਅਸਥੂਲੁ ॥੫॥

Jub Dekho Tub Sabh Kich Mool.

Nanak so Sukhum Soee Asthool.

Everywhere I look, I see it all as God (Mool).

Nanak He is both tangible and abstract.

He is everywhere at every time.

God is the root/Mool.

 

    • SGGS 864

ਗੁਰ ਕੈ ਸਬਦਿ ਮੰਤ੍ਰੁ ਮਨੁ ਮਾਨ ॥

Gur Key Shabd Mantar Mun Maan || a

Fully accept and obey the mantar (spiritual guidance) that is

in the Guru’s Shabad (enlightenment)

Mantar is Shabad/Banee/Guru

Mool + Mantar = the root message (of Sikhi) relating to the

foundational virtues of God (of Sikhi) as contained within

the Guru shabad. SGGS is about Godly virtues and

everything revolves around this basic philosophy.

  • Mool Mantar as a Gurmat Label – derived from Gurbani Framework
  • 1. Usage
  • Meant for knowing/as a foundation/as an anchor of

Godly vitues in the Sikh mind.

  • Root upon which the tree of Sikhi grows.
  • Foundation upon which Sikh spirituality is built.

2. Concepts

Concept of Jup

  • A process of listening, believing, accepting,

internalising,walking and living

  • Knowing : Nanak Gyaa Japey Jaye

Concept of Naam

  • Godly attributes /virtues

Concept of Simran

  • Remembrance of Godly Virtues with a view to

realising God

  • Inculcation of Gurbani messages
  • It is a mind process : remember/keep in mind

SGGS 803

ਸਿਮਰਿ ਮਨਾ ਰਾਮ ਨਾਮੁ ਚਿਤਾਰੇ ॥

ਬਸਿ ਰਹੇ ਹਿਰਦੈ ਗੁਰ ਚਰਨ ਪਿਆਰੇ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥

Simar Mnaa Raam Nam Chitarey,

Buss Rahey Hirday Gur Charan Pyare. Rahao.

  • 3. Thought Process
  • God is defined in Virtues (Naam)
  • Sikhi is to KNOW/UNDERSTAND/

DISCOURSE/APPRECIATE these virtues (Jup/Jaap)

  • A Sikh is mindful of these virtues at all times

(Simran)

  • Sikhi is to LIVE these virtues.

BECOME these virtues.

  • Sikhi is UNIQUE. The God of Sikhi Is UNIQUE.

The practice of Sikhi is UNIQUE.

Living Sikhi is to live UNIQUELY.

Mareya Sikka Jagat Vich Nanak Nirmal Panth

Chaleya.

Panth = way

Nirmal Panth = Unique

  • If we agree to refer to the preamble as ‘Mool Mantar’ it has to come from the application of the Gurbani Framework (Grammar-based and internal validity within Gurbani) :

The Root message (of Sikhi) relating to the Foundational Virtues of God (of Sikhi) as contained within the Guru Shabad.

  • The Centrality of EK in Sikhi
  • The only scripture in the world beginning with a numeral and a graphic = ੴ Ek Oangkar
  • Establishes the centrality/core/primal principles of Sikhi as
  1. The Numeral ONE (Ek-karta)
  2. ONE-ness of Humanity (Ek-sarta)
  3. Becoming ONE (Ekta /Ek-hona)
  • ONE (Ek –Karta)
  • SGGS 679

ਹਰਿ ਏਕੁ ਸਿਮਰਿ ਏਕੁ ਸਿਮਰਿ ਏਕੁ ਸਿਮਰਿ ਪਿਆਰੇ ॥

ਕਲਿ ਕਲੇਸ ਲੋਭ ਮੋਹ ਮਹਾ ਭਉਜਲੁ ਤਾਰੇ ॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥

Har Ek Simar Ek Simar Ek Simar Pyare.

Kal Kalesh Lob Moh Mhaa Bhaujal Tare. Rahao

Remembering The One, The One, The One ; my

Spiritual life will be free from encumbrances.

  • SGGS 289

ਏਕੋ ਜਪਿ ਏਕੋ ਸਾਲਾਹਿ ॥ ਏਕੁ ਸਿਮਰਿ ਏਕੋ ਮਨ ਆਹਿ ॥

ਏਕਸ ਕੇ ਗੁਨ ਗਾਉ ਅਨੰਤ ॥ ਮਨਿ ਤਨਿ ਜਾਪਿ ਏਕ ਭਗਵੰਤ ॥

ਏਕੋ ਏਕੁ ਏਕੁ ਹਰਿ ਆਪਿ ॥ ਪੂਰਨ ਪੂਰਿ ਰਹਿਓ ਪ੍ਰਭੁ ਬਿਆਪਿ ॥

ਅਨਿਕ ਬਿਸਥਾਰ ਏਕ ਤੇ ਭਏ ॥ ਏਕੁ ਅਰਾਧਿ ਪਰਾਛਤ ਗਏ ॥

ਮਨ ਤਨ ਅੰਤਰਿ ਏਕੁ ਪ੍ਰਭੁ ਰਾਤਾ ॥ ਗੁਰ ਪ੍ਰਸਾਦਿ ਨਾਨਕ ਇਕੁ ਜਾਤਾ ॥੮॥੧੯॥

Eko Jup Eko Salaha. Ek Simar Eko Mun Aha.

Eks Kay Gun Gao Anunt. Mun Tan Jaap Ek Bhagwant.

Eko Ek Ek Har Aap. Pooran Poor Raheyo Prabh Biaap.

Anuk Nisthar Ek Tay Bhaye. Ek Aradh Prachat Gaye.

Mun Tan Antar Ek Prabh Raata. Gurparsaad Nanak Ek Jaata.

Realise and know, sing the innumerable praises of The One

who is the One Creator of all. All our woes will vanish by

this realisation which is attained by the blessing of the shabad

guru. (and Nanak has realised this)

  • ONE –ness of Humanity (Ek-sarta)
  • SGGS 1381 Fareed

ਖਾਲਕੁ ਖਲਕ ਮਹਿ ਖਲਕ ਵਸੈ ਰਬ ਮਾਹਿ ॥

ਮੰਦਾ ਕਿਸ ਨੋ ਆਖੀਐ ਜਾਂ ਤਿਸੁ ਬਿਨੁ ਕੋਈ ਨਾਹਿ ॥੭੫॥

Fareeda Khalak Khaluk mein, Khaluk Vesi Rubb Mahe.

Manda Kis No Aakhiyeah Ja Tis Bin Koyee Nahe.

Farid says the Creator dwells in All Humanity.

How can we call anyone bad if He dwells within?

  • SGGS 1349 Bhagat Kabir

ਅਵਲਿ ਅਲਹ ਨੂਰੁ ਉਪਾਇਆ ਕੁਦਰਤਿ ਕੇ ਸਭ ਬੰਦੇ ॥

ਏਕ ਨੂਰ ਤੇ ਸਭੁ ਜਗੁ ਉਪਜਿਆ ਕਉਨ ਭਲੇ ਕੋ ਮੰਦੇ ॥੧

ਲੋਗਾ ਭਰਮਿ ਨ ਭੂਲਹੁ ਭਾਈ ॥

ਖਾਲਿਕੁ ਖਲਕ ਖਲਕ ਮਹਿ ਖਾਲਿਕੁ ਪੂਰਿ ਰਹਿਓ ਸ੍ਰਬ ਠਾਂਈ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥

ਮਾਟੀ ਏਕ ਅਨੇਕ ਭਾਂਤਿ ਕਰਿ ਸਾਜੀ ਸਾਜਨਹਾਰੈ ॥

ਨਾ ਕਛੁ ਪੋਚ ਮਾਟੀ ਕੇ ਭਾਂਡੇ ਨਾ ਕਛੁ ਪੋਚ ਕੁੰਭਾਰੈ ॥੨॥

Avall Allah Noor Upaya Kudrat Key Sabh Bandey.

Ek Noor Tey Sabh Jugg Upjeya Kaon Bhalay Jo Mandey.

Loga Bhrum Na Bhulo Bhayee. Khaluk Khalak Khalak Mein

Khaluk Poor Raheyo Srab Thaeen.

Mattee Ek Anayk Bhant Kar Sajee Sirjanharey. Na Kach Poch

Mattee Key Bhandy Na Kach Poch Khumbarey.

Kabir says O people do not be misled. The truth is that He

the Creator is in all His Creation. All are created from the

same primal source, so who is good or bad? All created from

same source yet are diverse.

The same verse ends with

ਅਲਹੁ ਅਲਖੁ ਨ ਜਾਈ ਲਖਿਆ ਗੁਰਿ ਗੁੜੁ ਦੀਨਾ ਮੀਠਾ ॥

ਕਹਿ ਕਬੀਰ ਮੇਰੀ ਸੰਕਾ ਨਾਸੀ ਸਰਬ ਨਿਰੰਜਨੁ ਡੀਠਾ ॥੪॥੩॥

Allah Alakh Na Jayee Lakahiya Gur Gurr Deena Meetha. Keh

Kabeer Meri Shanka Nasee Sarab Niranjan Deedtha.

Kabeer says he is convinced that Allah or Alakh, is same as he

sees the same One Creator in all.

  • Becoming ONE (Ekta/ Ek Honaa)
  • SGGS 646

ਇਕਾ ਬਾਣੀ ਇਕੁ ਗੁਰੁ ਇਕੋ ਸਬਦੁ ਵੀਚਾਰਿ ॥

ਸਚਾ ਸਉਦਾ ਹਟੁ ਸਚੁ ਰਤਨੀ ਭਰੇ ਭੰਡਾਰ ॥

Eka Banee Ek Gur Eko Shabad Vichaaar.

Sauda Hatt Sach Ratnee Bharey Bhandaar.

One Banee, One Guru/ One Shabd to contemplate on.

Godly Merchandise (Sacha Sauda) is Godly Spirituality

(Ratnee) that is be attained from God (Hatt Sach/true shop) as

the source.

The Pauri continues

ਪਉੜੀ ॥ ਜਿਨਾ ਅੰਦਰਿ ਕੂੜੁ ਵਰਤੈ ਸਚੁ ਨ ਭਾਵਈ ॥

ਜੇ ਕੋ ਬੋਲੈ ਸਚੁ ਕੂੜਾ ਜਲਿ ਜਾਵਈ ॥

Pauree. Jinaa Ander Koor Vartey Sach Na Bhavayee.

Jey Ko Boley Sach Koora Jal Javayee.

Those who don’t accept sach (God) are koor /devoid of sach

Acceptance of God will exterminate this condition

Definition of Koor = No Centrality of One/Presence of

Duality

  • SGGS 136

ਕੂੜ ਭਗਏ ਦੁਬਿਧਾ ਨਸੀ ਪੂਰਨ ਸਚਿ ਭਰੇ ॥

ਪਾਰਬ੍ਰਹਮੁ ਪ੍ਰਭੁ ਸੇਵਦੇ ਮਨ ਅੰਦਰਿ ਏਕੁ ਧਰੇ ॥

Koor Geyeey Dobidha Nasee Pooran Sach Bharey.

Parbhram Prabh Sevdey Mun Andur Ek Dharey

Koor of do-bidha (two) vanishes when sach of one prevails

Dobidha = Do (2) + Method

(the essence of Sikhi : ONE = NO duality or trinity)

  • SGGS 468

ਨਾਨਕੁ ਵਖਾਣੈ ਬੇਨਤੀ ਤੁਧੁ ਬਾਝੁ ਕੂੜੋ ਕੂੜੁ ॥੧॥

Nanak Vakhaney Benti Tud Bajh Kure Koor

Tudh Bajh = Devoid of the One You

Ek = Transcendental Supreme Being

  • Understanding the ONE GOD of Sikhi
  • SGGS begins with a Graphic Representation = ੴ Ek Oangkar followed by 7 Root Descriptions of the ONE Creator
  • Numeral can only have One meaning (as opposed to the trinity in other religions)
  • Semantically ੴ = Ek + Oang + Kar

Ek = One

Oang = (Ordain+Sustain+Destroy)

Kar = all pervaiding

  • Pronouncing ੴ

– Ek : the numeral one in Panjabi

– Oangkar

SGGS 929

ਰਾਮਕਲੀ ਮਹਲਾ ੧ ਦਖਣੀ ਓਅੰਕਾਰ

ੴ ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਪ੍ਰਸਾਦਿ ॥

ਓਅੰਕਾਰਿ ਬ੍ਰਹਮਾ ਉਤਪਤਿ ॥ ਓਅੰਕਾਰੁ ਕੀਆ ਜਿਨਿ ਚਿਤਿ ॥

ਓਅੰਕਾਰਿ ਸੈਲ ਜੁਗ ਭਏ ॥ ਓਅੰਕਾਰਿ ਬੇਦ ਨਿਰਮਏ ॥

ਓਅੰਕਾਰਿ ਸਬਦਿ ਉਧਰੇ ॥ ਓਅੰਕਾਰਿ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਤਰੇ ॥

Oangkar Bhra Uttpatt. Oangkar Keeya Jin Chit.

Oangkar Sael Jugg Bhayey. Oangkar Bed Nirmaye.

Oangkar Shabd Udhrey. Oangkar Gurmukh Trey.

– Kaar

SGGS 221

ਨੰਨਾਕਾਰੁ ਨ ਕੋਇ ਕਰੇਈ ॥

Nanakaar Na Koey Kareyi

SGGS 1270

ਜੈ ਜੈ ਕਾਰੁ ਕੀਨੋ ਸਭ ਜਗ ਮਹਿ ਦਇਆ ਜੀਅਨ ਮਹਿ ਪਾਇਓ ॥

Jai Jai Kaar Keeno Sabh Jug Meh Dya Jeean Meh Payeo